THE HISTORY OF AKUAPEM STATE:

 

Prior to the founding of Akuapem State, the institution of chieftancy as we know of today was non-existent.  The leadership of highland community made up mainly of GUANS and the KYEREPONGS consisted of Priest and Priestesses.

Nana Ofei Kwasi Agyeman of the Aduana fame,a trader from Gyakiti, and a chief in his own right,had already left Akwamu with his people to live at a village called Adenya.  Surrounded by his band of Mpoti Asafo with their proverbial seven guns. He later settled at Boampong( Kaabi) the Northern part of present day Akropong.

When the Akwamus brutalities on the Guans and the Kyerepongs had gone beyond control and intolerable the leadership had these settlers summond a meeting to chart and discuss a way out of their predicaments.  Nana Offei Kwasi

Agyeman who was at the meeting, recommended to the Guans and the Kyerepongs to extend an invitation to the Akims warlords(known  for their proficiency in warfare) for assistance to fight the Akwamus.  His suggestion was accepted.

The delegation to Akim was led by Opanyin Ayeh Kissi, an elder of Nana Offei Kwasi Agyeman.

The Okyenhene and elders readily agreed to help.  He therefore dispatched his warrious led by his nephew Safori to join the bandwagon of the Guans and the Kyerepongs.   A thousand forces (Akuw  apem) thus swooped down the hill unto the hopeless Akwamus regiment at Nsakye as they advance.  Unable to withstand the shock of this highland change, the Akwamu forces broke, scattered and fled across the Volta river to the present day Akwamufie.

This was the famous battle of Nsakye (1730) after which the Akwamu’s unspeakable acts of cruelty and depredation on the highland community came to an end.  The remnants of Akwamu, the people of present Aburi and its envious readily submit themselves to the new power,and thus pave the way for the establishment of Akuapem State as enshrined in the famous Abotakyi Accord in 1733.

 

 

THE ABOTAKYI ACCORD(1733)

 

The common enemy (The Akwamus) having been driven away, and besides the fear that they might return, became the need to institute an internal security system to face any future eventuality.

The Akim warlords thus arranged a meeting among the Guans and the Kyereponds at Abotakyi.  The purpose was to organise the territory into an order known as Twi millitary Order. This consideration influenced the need of allocating offices and creating of new stools. Five divisions were created to rule the state under King Safori, with the later as Okuapehene.

The five divisions are: Adonten number 1, belonging to Nana Offei Kwasi Agyeman for his role as warrior during the war.  Adonten number 2 went to the remnants of Akwamu for occupying the central position of the ridge.

The Gyase position went to Nana Akompi Kwatia of Amanokrom for he being the brother of Okyenhene, and also custodian of Okuapehene palace regalia and paraphenalia.

The Nifa position was given to the five Kyerepong towns with its headquarters at Awukugua for his role of negotiating the meeting.   The Benkum division was given to the Guans at Larteh.  At the first traditional council meeting the Gyakiti warlord was crowned as the senior divisional chief and next commander-in-chief whenever the Okuapehene is away.

In 1934, the then Okuapehene Nana Ofori Kuma decided that the Adontenhene

Number1 title re- designated to Krontihene, a title which did not change his position and status in the heirachy of Akuapem, even though Nana Yaw Boafo the then Krontihene abdicated in protest over the change.   The Krontihene remained as the second-in-command to the Okuapehene.  He owns Akropong, as such he is the Akroponghene.   The Krontihene in concert and collaboration with the Okoman elders and the Ankobeafo administers the affairs of Akropong.

In doing this the Okuapehene is consulted for his inputs.  The common saying is Offei Kwasi Agyeman and his Koman.